Spring Boot Mockito (一)

发布于:2024-04-04 ⋅ 阅读:(35) ⋅ 点赞:(0)

Spring Boot Mockito (一)

这篇文章主要是讲解Spring boot 与 Mockito 集成API接口层单元测试。

1. 引入相关依赖包

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
    <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
    <optional>true</optional>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.jayway.jsonpath</groupId>
    <artifactId>json-path</artifactId>
</dependency>

2. 新建订单类

@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
@Builder
@Setter
@Getter
@Entity
@Table(name = "t_order")
public class Order {

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.AUTO)
    private Long id;

    private String name;

    private Double price;

    @Column(name = "create_time")
    // @JsonFormat(locale = "zh", timezone = "GMT+8", pattern = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss")
    private LocalDateTime createTime;

    @Column(name = "update_time")
    // @JsonFormat(locale = "zh", timezone = "GMT+8", pattern = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss")
    private LocalDateTime updateTime;
}

3. 新建订单DAO

继承 JpaRepository, 包含基本的CRUD

public interface OrderRepository extends JpaRepository<Order, Long> {
}

4. 新建订单Service

基本的CRUD

public interface OrderService {

    Optional<Order> update(Long id, Order order);
    
    Order save(Order order);

    List<Order> getOrders();

    Optional<Order> getOrderById(Long id);

    Boolean delete(Long id);
}

6. 新建订单Service 实现

@Service
public class OrderServiceImpl implements OrderService {

    private OrderRepository orderRepository;

    public OrderServiceImpl(OrderRepository orderRepository) {
        this.orderRepository = orderRepository;
    }

    @Override
    public Optional<Order> update(Long id, Order order) {
        AtomicReference<Optional<Order>> atomicReference = new AtomicReference<>();
        orderRepository.findById(id).ifPresentOrElse(foundVal -> {
            updateOrder(order, foundVal);
            atomicReference.set(Optional.of(orderRepository.save(foundVal)));
        }, () -> atomicReference.set(Optional.empty()));
        return atomicReference.get();
    }

    public Order save(Order order) {
        if (null == order.getId()) {
            order.setCreateTime(LocalDateTime.now());
            return orderRepository.save(order);
        }
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Order> getOrders() {
        return orderRepository.findAll();
    }

    @Override
    public Optional<Order> getOrderById(Long id) {
        return orderRepository.findById(id);
    }

    @Override
    public Boolean delete(Long id) {
        if (getOrderById(id).isEmpty()) {
            return false;
        }
        orderRepository.deleteById(id);
        return true;
    }

    private void updateOrder(Order current, Order newOrder) {
        if (null != current.getPrice()) {
            newOrder.setPrice(current.getPrice());
            newOrder.setName(current.getName());
            newOrder.setUpdateTime(LocalDateTime.now());
        }
    }
}

7. 新建订单Controller

包含基本的CRUD接口

@RestController
@RequestMapping(ORDER_PATH)
public class OrderController {

    public static final String ORDER_PATH = "/api/v1/orders";

    private OrderService orderService;

    public OrderController(OrderService orderService) {
        this.orderService = orderService;
    }

    @PostMapping
    public ResponseEntity<Order> createOrder(@RequestBody Order order) {
        Order savedOrder = orderService.save(order);
        return new ResponseEntity<>(savedOrder, HttpStatus.CREATED);
    }

    @GetMapping
    public ResponseEntity<List<Order>> getAllOrders() {
        return ResponseEntity.ok(orderService.getOrders());
    }

    @GetMapping("{id}")
    public ResponseEntity<Order> getOrderById(@PathVariable("id") long orderId) {
        return orderService.getOrderById(orderId)
                .map(ResponseEntity::ok)
                .orElseGet(() -> ResponseEntity.notFound().build());
    }

    @PutMapping("{id}")
    public ResponseEntity<Void> updateOrder(@PathVariable("id") long orderId,
                                             @RequestBody Order order) {
        if (orderService.update(orderId, order).isEmpty()) {
            throw new NotFoundException();
        }
        return new ResponseEntity<>(HttpStatus.NO_CONTENT);
    }

    @DeleteMapping("{id}")
    public ResponseEntity<Void> deleteOrder(@PathVariable("id") long orderId) {
        orderService.delete(orderId);
        return new ResponseEntity<>(HttpStatus.NO_CONTENT);
    }
}

8. 新建异常类

@ResponseStatus(value = HttpStatus.NOT_FOUND, reason = "Value Not Found")
public class NotFoundException extends RuntimeException {
    public NotFoundException() {
        super();
    }

    public NotFoundException(String message) {
        super(message);
    }

    public NotFoundException(String message, Throwable cause) {
        super(message, cause);
    }

    public NotFoundException(Throwable cause) {
        super(cause);
    }

    protected NotFoundException(String message, Throwable cause, boolean enableSuppression, boolean writableStackTrace) {
        super(message, cause, enableSuppression, writableStackTrace);
    }
}

9. 新建测试类

@WebMvcTest(BeerController.class)
class BeerControllerTest {

    @Autowired
    MockMvc mockMvc;

    @Autowired
    ObjectMapper objectMapper;

    @MockBean
    BeerService beerService;

    BeerServiceImpl beerServiceImpl;


    @Captor
    ArgumentCaptor<UUID> uuidArgumentCaptor;

    @Captor
    ArgumentCaptor<BeerDTO> beerArgumentCaptor;


    @BeforeEach
    void setUp() {
        beerServiceImpl = new BeerServiceImpl();
    }

    @Test
    void testPatchBeer() throws Exception {
        BeerDTO beer = beerServiceImpl.listBeers(null, null, false, 1, 25).get(0);

        Map<String, Object> beerMap = new HashMap<>();
        beerMap.put("beerName", "New Name");

        mockMvc.perform(patch(BeerController.BEER_PATH_ID, beer.getId())
                        .contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                        .accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                        .content(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(beerMap)))
                .andExpect(status().isNoContent());

        verify(beerService).patchBeerById(uuidArgumentCaptor.capture(), beerArgumentCaptor.capture());

        assertThat(beer.getId()).isEqualTo(uuidArgumentCaptor.getValue());
        assertThat(beerMap.get("beerName")).isEqualTo(beerArgumentCaptor.getValue().getBeerName());
    }

    @Test
    void testDeleteBeer() throws Exception {
        BeerDTO beer = beerServiceImpl.listBeers(null, null, false, 1, 25).get(0);

        given(beerService.deleteBeerById(any())).willReturn(true);

        mockMvc.perform(delete(BeerController.BEER_PATH_ID, beer.getId())
                .accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON))
                .andExpect(status().isNoContent());

        //ArgumentCaptor<UUID> uuidArgumentCaptor = ArgumentCaptor.forClass(UUID.class);
        verify(beerService).deleteBeerById(uuidArgumentCaptor.capture());

        assertThat(beer.getId()).isEqualTo(uuidArgumentCaptor.getValue());
    }

    @Test
    void testUpdateBeer() throws Exception {
        BeerDTO beer = beerServiceImpl.listBeers(null, null, false, 1, 25).get(0);

        given(beerService.updateBeerById(any(), any())).willReturn(Optional.of(beer));

        mockMvc.perform(put(BeerController.BEER_PATH_ID, beer.getId())
                .accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                .contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                .content(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(beer)))
                .andExpect(status().isNoContent());

        verify(beerService).updateBeerById(any(UUID.class), any(BeerDTO.class));
        //verify(beerService).updateBeerById(beer.getId(), any(Beer.class));
    }

    @Test
    void testCreateNewBeer() throws Exception {
        BeerDTO beer = beerServiceImpl.listBeers(null, null, false, 1, 25).get(0);

        //System.out.println(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(beer));
        beer.setVersion(null);
        beer.setId(null);

        given(beerService.saveNewBeer(any(BeerDTO.class)))
                .willReturn(beerServiceImpl.listBeers(null, null, false, 1, 25).get(1));

        mockMvc.perform(post(BeerController.BEER_PATH)
                        .accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                        .contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                        .content(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(beer))
                )
                .andExpect(status().isCreated())
                .andExpect(header().exists("Location"));
    }

    @Test
    void testCreateNullBearName() throws Exception {
        BeerDTO beerDTO = BeerDTO.builder().build();

        given(beerService.saveNewBeer(any(BeerDTO.class)))
                .willReturn(beerServiceImpl.listBeers(null, null, false, 1, 25).get(1));

        MvcResult mvcResult = mockMvc.perform(post(BeerController.BEER_PATH)
                        .accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                        .contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                        .content(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(beerDTO))
                )
                .andExpect(status().isBadRequest())
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.length()", is(6)))
                .andReturn();

        System.out.println(mvcResult.getResponse().getContentAsString());
    }

    @Test
    void testListBeers() throws Exception {
        given(beerService.listBeers(any(), any(), any(), any(), any()))
                .willReturn(beerServiceImpl.listBeers(null, null, false, null, null));

        mockMvc.perform(get(BeerController.BEER_PATH)
                .accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON))
                .andExpect(status().isOk())
                .andExpect(content().contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON))
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.length()", is(3)));
    }

    @Test
    void getBeerByIdNotFound() throws Exception {
        given(beerService.getBeerById(any(UUID.class)))
                .willThrow(NotFoundException.class);
        
        mockMvc.perform(get(BeerController.BEER_PATH_ID, UUID.randomUUID()))
                .andExpect(status().isNotFound());
    }

    @Test
    void getBeerById() throws Exception {
        BeerDTO testBeer = beerServiceImpl.listBeers(null, null, false, 1, 25).get(0);

        given(beerService.getBeerById(testBeer.getId())).willReturn(Optional.of(testBeer));

        mockMvc.perform(get(BeerController.BEER_PATH_ID, testBeer.getId())
                .accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON))
                .andExpect(status().isOk())
                .andExpect(content().contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON))
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.id", is(testBeer.getId().toString())))
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.beerName", is(testBeer.getBeerName())))
        ;
    }
}

9. 执行单元测试

y

@WebMvcTest Spring Boot的MVC Web Controller
@DataJpaTest Spring Boot的JPA Queries
@SpringBootTest 集成测试


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